Vineyards are the place that is dedicated for the growing of grapes that are used for making wine as it comes with wineries where the grown grapes are send for wine making. But you need to know do vineyards just make wine? What else can they produce? Vineyards are the plantation of the grape bearing wines for winemaking but even table grapes, raisins and non alcoholic grape juices are grown for sale. But vineyards are majorly used for growing grapes for wine making and it is associated with the business of producing wines as the grapes are also sold to wine companies that makes different kinds of wine.

Vineyards are the farm field for growing grapes that are used for producing wine from the grown grapes but it can also be used for harvesting different kind of grapes for consumption and other purposes. Moreover there are some kinds of grapes that are not suitable for making wines and hence it can be sold in the market for other purposes. The raisings and tables grapes are very popular food ingredients that are used for preparing different kind of food items as it is also consumed solely as it is not made into wines. Vineyards are mostly used for growing grapes for making wine and it has a production facility also known as winery where the grapes are taken for making wines. The wineries may take grapes from multiple grape producers that grow different varieties of grapes for supplying to the wineries. But grapes are not just cultivated for making wine as grapes are also used for making raisins but in small quantities as majority of the grapes are used for making wine.

Vineyards are the large patch of lands where grapes are planted and grown for the purpose of producing wine as it helps in offering optimal grape yields and efforts are to increase the production of high quality grapes so that it can impact the tastes and aroma of the wine. The winery where the grapes are sent after growth is the place where the actual process of wine making takes place and it has also the equipments that are needed for wine making. Moreover the wine production techniques and mechanism is followed for making wine as it lays the foundation of wine making for getting the desired results. Grape vines are generally located in areas of moderate temperature because too much cold or humidity can destroy the grapes and hence the right temperature is very important for the growth of high quality grapes. The raisins made from the grapes are sold commercially as it is one of the alternative use of grapes apart from the one used for making wines. Moreover there are different varieties of grapes that are used for different kind of wine that are made in the winery where the grapes are handpicked, selected and processed for making high quality wine. The wineries are located around the vineyards so that it can get the grapes that are used for making the best wine of the world.

 

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Grapes and fields from the vineyard always make us happy no matter how knocked down by life we are. They provide a sense of the beauty of nature and this keeps us going. The geographical location of vineyards should be at their absolute best.

In today’s world, one can think of investing several million dollars in vineyards. If one invests today he can recoup entire investment within 10 years as the rates are steadily increasing. One should always keep in mind that grapes grow only in the world’s most perfect climates and surroundings.

Property value increases by making money from the grapes, wine or winery leasing in a decade. The best geographical location for a vineyard include the following:

Soil characteristics and fertilizing
Like many other plants, the grapevine needs a loose soil surface layer of 50-60 cm in order to start off properly. A second crucial element is a calcium. The soil’s pH should be around 6.5 – 7. So often calcium is given every single year. As organic material, you can choose between well digested or dried manure, compost, potting or wood soil, or a pure organic commercial fertilizer with low salt concentration and free of chlorine.

Rootstock
The variety Solaris ripens even in Denmark and in the south of Sweden. Most of the time, the type of soil is no handicap either. Wine grapevines are not really demanding where the soil is concerned (so you don’t need necessarily perfect soil like the one along the Mosel River in Germany or the one in the Banyuls region in Southern France in order to produce healthy grapes), if only the right rootstock is selected. For loam soil, the rootstock SO4 is suited, for good sand soil the 5C, for poor sandy soil the 5BB and for calcium-rich soil the 125AA. And then there is the virus resistant rootstock Borner. This rootstock can be used in nearly every soil type.

Location
In order to maximize exposure to sunshine, vineyards are often established on slopes directed to the south. Wine grapevines definitely need a sunny location. Plant them preferably in rows in a north-south direction so they can profit best from sunlight. If necessary, you can also choose for another plant direction. In a row, the grapevines are planted every 1,20 or 1,40 (1,50) m. The distance between the rows must be 1,8 m minimally and 2,25 m maximally. With a smaller distance between rows the grapes do not get enough sunlight and the humidity in the vineyard reaches higher levels than desired. With a bigger distance between rows, the air is cooling too quickly by the influence of the wind.

Wet feet
If your land plot consists of turf soil with a high ground water level, then you’re unlucky. Then, unfortunately, it is very hard to cultivate wine grapevines. They really don’t like wet feet and acid soil. To a certain degree, a mushroom fertilizer may help here.

Soil activity
Most importantly, the soil must live. The active micro and macro-organisms enable the grapevine to take minerals from the soil. It is useful to plant grapevines in a covering of low grasses, clover, and flowers. This covering increases the soil activity and fertility. Moreover, the clover brings nitrogen into the soil and the growing plants attract natural enemies of harm-causing insects, so they function as pesticides.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Hurray! It’s grape harvest season. One of the most imperative processes in the manufacture of wine. The growling Engines of tractors loaded with violet and golden grape clusters moving to and from the fields while the atmosphere is filled with laughter from the harvesters and the vine-growers. On the other hand, there is a lot of excitement and anticipation towards festivals and events all tailored towards the annual grape harvest.
So, when is the grape harvest time?

Grapevine is a perfect example of a perennial plant; one that blooms over the spring and summer and dies during the autumn and winter. In general August, September and October mark the prime harvest season in Europe and North America. South America, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand lying below the equator have their harvesting season from February to April.

How do grape growers know when to harvest?

The best vine growers know the taste of ripeness. By walking down the row tasting grapes, they can know intuitively when to pick

Sweetness level.
When determining the sweetness levels of the grapes, it is important to know that wine grapes are much sweeter than table grape. It is this sweetness level that determines the alcohol level.

Grapes contain high levels of sucrose which is measured in Brix. A Hydrometer measures Brix, and vineyard managers will occasionally check these levels to determine the appropriate time to harvest. However, a grape can be sweet but not ripe enough. The grape is considered ripe if the skin, stem, and seeds are also ripe. The seeds of a ripe grape are less bitter and will have a yellowish color. These changes are what makes the wine tannin taste sweeter.

The Harvesting Process
The grapes can either be handpicked or use machine harvesting to get the fruit off the vines. One interesting aspect is that grapes are harvested at night. Why at night? The answer is very simple, the cool temperatures at night provide better fermentation condition which is necessary for obtaining the fruit with stable sugar levels.

Temperatures are high during the day, usually 30 degree Celsius or more. Such high temperatures can change the sugar composition of the fruit which will eventually affect the wine quality.

1. Manual harvesting
A group of skilled farmers goes to the vineyard and picks the grapes bunch by bunch using their hands. They use secateurs to cut off the bunch while putting them in a basket. When they have accumulated, they are put into bigger containers and transported to the winery for processing.
The main advantage of manual harvesting is that the pickers can make a major selection in the vineyard like picking only the ripe grape while avoiding the rotten grapes. However, the process is slow and tiring.

2. Mechanical harvesting
Harvesting with a machine means you need a tractor mounted with a harvesting unit. With diligence, the tractor straddles the row of vines and shakes off the vine to release the grapes on a strategically positioned conveyor to collect the bellies.

Mechanical harvesting is efficient and faster when compared to manual harvesting. The major constraint is that huge capital is needed to buy and maintain the machinery.

Manual or Mechanical harvesting?
Manual harvest can sometimes be better than mechanical harvesting, but the opposite is also true. The decision on which is better depends on what you want to achieve.

 

 

 

 

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